What Do Athletic Trainers and Exercise Physiologists Do?
Athletic trainers specialize in preventing, diagnosing, and treating muscle and bone injuries and illnesses. Exercise physiologists develop fitness and exercise programs that help patients recover from chronic diseases and improve cardiovascular function, body composition, and flexibility.
Athletic trainers work with people of all ages and all skill levels, from children to professional athletes and soldiers to industrial workers. They are usually one of the first health care providers on the scene when injuries occur during sports games. They work under the direction of a licensed physician and with other health care providers, and often discuss specific injuries and treatment options or evaluate and treat patients as directed by a physician. Athletic trainers will assess, recognize, and evaluate injuries; provide first aid or emergency care; develop and carry out rehabilitation programs for injured sports enthusiasts and athletes; plan and implement comprehensive programs to prevent injury and illness; and perform administrative tasks, such as keeping records and writing reports on injuries and treatment programs.
Exercise physiologists work to improve overall patient health, and many of their patients suffer from health problems such as cardiovascular disease or obesity. Exercise physiologists provide health education and exercise plans to improve key health indicators. Some exercise physiologists work closely with primary physicians. Exercise physiologists will analyze a patient’s medical history to determine the best possible exercise and fitness regimen; perform fitness tests with medical equipment and analyze the subsequent patient data; measure body fat, blood pressure, oxygen usage, and other key patient health indicators; develop exercise programs to improve patient health; and supervise clinical tests to ensure patient safety.
For additional information, go to: http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/athletic-trainers-and-exercise-physiologists.htm.
Where Do Athletic Trainers and Exercise Physiologists Work?
Many jobs for athletic trainers are sports related, although there are non-sports related jobs available, too. Athletic trainers work in colleges and universities, high schools, fitness centers, professional athletic organizations, and health care organizations. Many athletic trainers work in educational facilities, such as secondary schools and colleges. Others may work in physicians’ offices or for professional sports teams. Some athletic trainers work in rehabilitation and therapy clinics, in the military, or with performing artists.
Exercise physiologists work in hospitals, outpatient clinics, and university laboratories. They may also work in fitness centers and with health care organizations.
For athletic trainers and exercise physiologists who work in health care settings, hours and schedules may be more structured. For those who work in fitness centers, sports settings, or with sports teams, their schedules may vary greatly, with longer than eight-hour days sometimes, and some nights and weekends required.
For more information on projections of athletic trainers and exercise physiologists by New York State labor regions, click here.
What Do Athletic Trainers and Exercise Physiologists Earn?
In 2017, the median annual income reported by BLS for athletic trainers in New York was $44,940 (entry-level: $32,320, experienced: $55,920), lower than the 2016 national median annual income for athletic trainers of $45,630. In 2015, the median annual income for exercise physiologists in New York was $60,630, considerably higher than the national median annual income for exercise physiologists of $47,340.
Supply and Demand
According to U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics projections, employment of athletic trainers is expected to grow by 21.1% nationwide between 2014 and 2024, and by 20.3% in New York during the same time period. Also, employment of exercise physiologists is expected to grow 10.6% both nationwide and in New York between 2014 and 2024.
New York Educational Requirements
Athletic trainers and exercise physiologists need at least a bachelor’s degree from an accredited college or university. Master’s degree programs are also common in both professions. Both athletic training and exercise physiologist degree programs have classroom and clinical components, including science and health-related courses, such as biology, anatomy, physiology, physics, and nutrition.
In New York, certified athletic trainers have a minimum of a bachelor’s degree from an athletic training program that is registered by the New York State Education Department as licensure qualifying. Exercise physiologists have a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in exercise physiology and may choose to become board certified by the American Society of Exercise Physiologists (ASEP).
New York Certification/Licensure Requirements
New York mandates that all individuals using the title “certified athletic trainer” be licensed. To become licensed, individuals must have graduated from an accredited educational program or meet minimal course work requirements as specified by the New York State Education Department. For more information on the requirements, go to http://www.op.nysed.gov/prof/at/athletlic.htm.
To meet the examination requirements for licensure as a certified athletic trainer, an individual must obtain satisfactory scores on athletic training examinations acceptable to the New York State Education Department. The certification examination of the National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA) Board of Certification, Inc. (BOC) is an acceptable examination. For more information on that examination, go to www.bocatc.org. For more information about accreditation, go to the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education: www.caate.net.
Licensure for exercise physiologists is not required in New York. Compared to athletic trainers, licensure for exercise physiologists is less common and, therefore, there are fewer recognized standards of practice for exercise physiologists. Nonetheless, exercise physiologists can stand out by earning professional certifications in their field. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) offers a Registered Clinical Exercise Physiologist certification for graduate degree holders and a Certified Clinical Exercise Specialist credential is available to bachelor’s degree holders.
NATA offers several types of scholarships, including the NATA Foundation Scholarship Program which awards undergraduate, master’s, and doctoral scholarships to students of athletic training. Information can be found at: http://natafoundation.org/request-funding/. Also, NATA has additional information about studying to become an athletic trainer and financial aid and scholarships programs for students at http://www.nata.org/students. The New York State Athletic Trainers’ Association also has information on scholarships and awards. ACSM offers some awards and grants for those studying exercise physiology. These may be found at: http://www.acsm.org/find-continuing-education/awards-grants.
Education Programs in New York (subject to change)
1 Saxon Drive
Alfred, NY 14802
Department of Kinesiology
2001 Main Street
Buffalo, NY 14208-1517
470 Western Highway
Orangeburg, NY 10962
101 Hofstra Dome
Hempstead, NY 11549
(516) 463-6952 or (516) 463-6600 (main)
School of Health Sciences and Human Performance
953 Danby Road
Ithaca, NY 14850
3399 North Road
Poughkeepsie, NY 12601
(845)-575-3912 or (845) 575-3228
|The College at Brockport
State University of New York
350 New Campus Drive
Brockport, NY 14420
Professional Studies Building
P.O. Box 2000
Cortland, NY 13045-0900
|Stony Brook University
State University of New York
G-33 Indoor Sports Complex
Stony Brook, NY 11794-3504
4380 Main Street
Amherst, NY 14226
|Long Island University-Brooklyn Campus
School of Health Professions
1 University Plaza
Brooklyn, NY 11201
Additional Web Links
For more information on Athletic Training, go to the Board of Certification: www.bocatc.org, the Office of the Professions, New York State Education Department: www.op.nysed.gov/prof/at/, the National Athletic Trainers Association: http://www.nata.org/, and the New York State Athletic Trainers’ Association.