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New York Health Careers

Psychiatrists

What Do Psychiatrists Do?

Psychiatrists are primary mental health physicians who assess, diagnose, and treat mental illnesses and emotional and substance abuse disorders through personal counseling (psychotherapy), psychoanalysis, hospitalization, and medication. Psychotherapy involves regular discussions with patients about their problems to help them find solutions through changes in their behavioral patterns, exploring their past experiences, or group and family therapy sessions.

Psychiatrists may work with people with chronic mental illness, such as schizophrenia or those seeking short-term treatment for specific problems such as phobias. As physicians, psychiatrists can order diagnostic tests and prescribe medication to help a patient through depression or mood disorders or correct chemical imbalances that cause some mental illnesses. Psychiatrists are uniquely qualified to assess both the physical and mental aspects of psychological symptoms. Psychiatrists may specialize in areas such as child, adolescent, forensic, or geriatric psychiatry.

Psychiatrists are medical doctors (ie, physicians) with special training in mental health. As such, they are sometimes grouped with physicians and surgeons by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). For more information, go to: http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/physicians-and-surgeons.htm.

Where Do Psychiatrists Work?

Psychiatrists often work in private practices; many work community mental health centers, psychiatric hospitals, and government agencies, too. Psychiatrists often divide their time between a private practice and clinic or hospital work. Psychiatrists are often part of an interdisciplinary treatment team that may include registered nurses, social workers, and psychologists.

In addition to clinical work, psychiatrists often choose to be involved in research, teaching, and administration.

What Do Psychiatrists Earn?

In 2016, BLS reported that the median annual income for psychiatrists nationwide was over $194,740. In New York in 2017, the median annual income for psychiatrists was $169, 550 (entry level: $102,770, experienced: $227,000).

Self-employed psychiatrists, as is true with many physicians in general, usually have higher median incomes than salaried psychiatrists. Earnings vary according to number of years in practice, geographic region, hours worked, skills, and professional reputation.

Supply and Demand

According to BLS, the number of psychiatrists should grow by 14.9% nationwide between 2014 and 2024. In New York in the same period, psychiatrist jobs are expected to grow by 8.9%.
Research indicates that demand for psychiatrists is strong and the need for more psychiatrists will continue to grow. However, concerns persist about a shortage of psychiatrists. The shortage is due to fewer medical school graduates choosing careers in psychiatry and the fact that psychiatrists as a group are older than their counterparts in almost every other field of medicine. More than half of all psychiatrists are age 55 or older and many are at or are nearing retirement age.
While the supply of psychiatrists is decreasing, the U.S. population is aging and is also facing a wide array of challenges, both of which are driving demand for mental health services higher. As of June 2014, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) designates about 4,000 Mental Health, Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) nationwide. This number is likely to grow if steps are not taken to address the shortage of actively practicing psychiatrists. Data presented recently by the American Psychiatric Association concluded that these trends in the psychiatric workforce are already leading to access problems.
In the long term, the principal influences on demand for psychiatrists include legislation on mental health parity with insurance coverage of physical health conditions, and growth in programs’ use and availability, such as Employee Assistance Programs (EAP).
For more information on projections of psychiatrists by New York labor regions, click here.

Educational Program Requirements

Like other physicians, psychiatrists must complete a pre-medicine undergraduate college education program and then attend four years of medical school. After medical school, psychiatrists must complete a four-year residency program that emphasizes the biologic, psychologic, and social components of mental illnesses. Psychiatry residents are trained in psychiatry, general medical care, neurology, and emergency care. Up to two years of additional training are required for psychiatrists who specialize in areas such as child and adolescent psychiatry.

New York Licensure Requirements

To be licensed in New York, a psychiatrist, like all other physicians, must be a graduate of an accredited medical school, complete an accredited residency program in psychiatry, and pass specific medical licensing examinations. For more information on New York licensure requirements, go to: http://www.op.nysed.gov/prof/med.

Board Certification

While board certification is not required for licensure in New York, most psychiatrists are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Certification includes written and oral tests that evaluate both the knowledge and experience of a psychiatrist. For more information on board certification, go to: http://www.abpn.com.

Financial Support

The American Psychiatric Association has information about and opportunities for fellowships, awards, and scholarships for psychiatry students and residents. Go to: http://www.psychiatry.org/medical-students or  http://www.psychiatry.org/residents.

The federal government provides National Health Service Corps scholarships and loan repayment to physicians in exchange for a service commitment in an health professional shortage area (HPSA). It also offers loans for disadvantaged students and health professions student loans based on need. For more information, go to: http://www.hrsa.gov/loanscholarships/index.html.

Psychiatry Residency Programs in New York (subject to change)

Albany Medical College
South Clinical Campus
Department of Psychiatry
25 Hackett Blvd. MC-164
Albany, New York 12208
(518) 262-5511
Beth Israel Medical Center
First Avenue at 16th Street
Fierman Hall 9th floor
New York, NY 10003
(212) 420-2390
St. Luke’s and Roosevelt Hospitals
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health
1090 Amsterdam Ave., 16F
New York, NY 10025
(212) 523-5089 or (212) 523-2208
North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System
The Zucker Hillside Hospital
Kaufmann Building
75-59 263rd Street
Glen Oaks, NY 11004
(718) 470-8005
Montefiore Medical Center
Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
111 East 210th Street
New York, NY 10467
(718) -430-2000
Brookdale University Hospital and Medical Center
Department of Psychiatry
One Brookdale Plaza, 12 CHC, 1240-C
Brooklyn, NY 11212
(718) 240-5722
Creedmoor Psychiatric Center
New York State Office of Mental Health

79-25 Winchester Boulevard
Queens Village, NY 11427-2199
(718) 264-5030
Columbia University Medical Center
Department of Psychiatry
New York State Psychiatric Institute
1051 Riverside Drive, Box 103
New York, New York 10032
(646) 774-6300
Jamaica Hospital Medical Center
8900 Van Wyck Expressway
Jamaica, NY 11418
(718) 206-7160
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Department of Psychiatry
Box 1230
One Gustave L. Levy Place
New York, NY 10029
and
Icahn School of Medicine at Elmhurst Hospital Center
79-01 Broadway
Elmhurst, NY 11373
(212) 241-6500
Maimonides Medical Center
4802 Tenth Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11219
(718) 283-6000
New York Medical College
Metropolitan Program

Metropolitan Hospital Center
1901 First Avenue
New York, NY 10029
(212) 423-7155
New York Medical College
Westchester Medical Center

Behavioral Health Center
3rd floor, Room N324
Valhalla, NY 10595
(914) 493-1939
New York-Presbyterian Hospital
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Training Program
1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 78
New York, NY 10032
(646) 774-6300
New York University
Langone Medical Center

Psychiatry Residency Training Program
462 First Avenue
New York, NY 10016
(646) 754-4838
University at Buffalo
State University of New York

Psychiatry Residency Program
Erie County Medical Center
462 Grider Street
Buffalo, NY 14215
(716) 898-4221
Stony Brook University School of Medicine
State University of New York

Psychiatry and Behavioral Science
Health Sciences Center, T-10, Room 020
Stony Brook, NY 11794-8101
(631) 444-2084
SUNY Downstate Medical Center
Department of Psychiatry
450 Clarkson Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11203
(718) 270-2902
Upstate Medical University
State University of New York

750 East Adams Street
Syracuse, NY 13210
(315) 464-3106
University of Rochester Medical Center
300 Crittenden Boulevard
Rochester, NY 14642
(585) 275-3535
Richmond University Medical Center
355 Bard Avenue, 1st floor
Staten Island, NY 10310
(718) 818-4121
NuHealth
(Nassau Health Care Corporation)
2201 Hempstead Turnpike
East Meadow, NY 11554
(516) 572-5034
St. John’s Episcopal Hospital
327 Beach 19th Street
Far Rockaway, NY 11691
(718) 869-7248
Staten Island University Hospital
475 Seaview Avenue
Staten Island, NY 10305
(718) 226-8851

 

Additional Web Links

For more information on psychiatrists go to:

American Psychiatric Association: http://www.psych.org

American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists: http://www.aacp.com

American College of Psychiatrists: http://www.acpsych.org

To learn more about psychiatrists, watch this video.

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