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Academic Credit

Credit earned by students for successful completion of college-level courses and is applicable towards the completion of a degree.

Academic Program

A course of study leading toward an associate, bachelor’s, or doctorate degree.

Academic Year

A period of time that colleges use to measure a quantity of study. A typical academic year may consist of two semesters (fall and spring) of approximately 15 weeks each or three quarters of approximately 10 weeks each. Some schools include the summer sessions as part of the academic year.


A voluntary, nongovernmental process where a recognized organization grants public recognition to an educational organization such as a school, institute, college, university, program of study. This recognition establishes a standard of quality.


‘American College of Testing’ is one of several standardized tests taken by high school students to assess a student’s readiness for college-level education. It includes sections on English, mathematics, reading, and science, with an optional section on writing. It is one of many tests generally required for admission into a college or university.

Adult Basic Education

Courses for students 17 years of age and older to improve basic skills in reading, writing and arithmetic. (See also Remedial Course and Developmental Education.)


An application to a recognized authority to reconsider a prior decision.


Training workers through a combination of on-the-job training and classroom instruction. Apprentices are full-time employees who produce high-quality work while they learn skills that enhance their employment prospects.

Aptitude Test

Assesses a person’s skills, interests and interpersonal style to determine the type of job or career that person may be best suited for.

Associate Degree

An academic degree that normally requires at least two but less than four years of full-time equivalent college work, usually amounting to 60 or 64 credits.

Asynchronistic Learning

A student-centered approach for online classes, where students can work on various assignments, reading lectures, and participate in discussions based on their availability and determine the time of participation. (eg, National External Diploma Program)

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