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New York Health Careers

C

Career Counseling/Guidance

A process that helps an individual understand himself/herself and the world of work in order to make career, educational and life decisions.

Case Management

A collaborative process that assesses, plans, implements, coordinates, monitors, and evaluates the options and services required to meet the student’s needs.

Certificate (Educational Certificate)

A credential awarded by a training provider or educational institution based on completion of all requirements for a program of study, including coursework and test or other performance evaluation. Some postsecondary non-degree award programs last only a few weeks, while others may last 1 to 2 years. Examples are: nursing assistants, emergency medical technicians, and paramedics.

Certification

A credential awarded by a certification body based on an individual successfully completing an exam that demonstrates he/she has acquired the required knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform a specific job. The exam can be written, oral, or performance-based. Certifications are time-limited and have to be renewed periodically.

Clinical Training

Education completed outside of the classroom with a patient directly or in a simulation laboratory that teaches or reinforces patient assessment and treatment skills.

Community College

Generally a publicly-funded, two-year college that awards associate degrees in addition to certificates and other adult continuing education courses.

Competency-Based Education

Measures learning rather than time spent in a classroom, laboratory, or online environment. Students show progress by demonstrating that they have mastered the knowledge and skills required for a particular course.

Completion/Completion Rate

Number or percentage of students enrolled in a program (training, course, or class) in a given term that completes that program.

Continuing Professional Education

Programs and courses for individuals who have completed a degree in a professional field (such as law, medicine, dentistry, education, or social work) to obtain additional training in their particular field of study.

Co-requisite

A course that a student must enroll in at the same time as, or in some cases prior to, enrolling in the desired course.

Course

An instructional subject taught in a designated period of time and commonly described with a formal number and title, expected student learning outcomes, and number of credits awarded for successful completion.

Credential

Typically refers to the degree or certificate a student has earned for successful completion of a program, along with appropriate experiences, written testimonials and other documentation.

Credit

Recognition of attendance or performance in a course or program that can be applied towards the requirements for a postsecondary degree, diploma, certificate, or other formal award.

Credit/Credit Hour

A unit of measure representing the equivalent of an hour (50 minutes) of instruction per week over the entire term. It is applied toward the total number of credit hours needed for completing the requirements of a degree, diploma, certificate, or other award.

Credit Course

A course that, if successfully completed, can be applied toward the number of courses required for achieving a postsecondary degree, diploma, certificate, or other formal award.

Credit for Life Experience

Credit earned by students for what they have learned through independent study, non-credit adult courses, work experience, portfolio demonstration, previous licensure or certification, or completion of other learning opportunities (military, government, or professional).

Curriculum

A program of courses fulfilling the requirements for a certificate, diploma, or degree in a particular field of study.

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